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Ciro Gomes and the Distortions of Government Reforms Fear

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The current reform agenda

The Temer government proposed three constitutional reforms to the Brazilian Congress: the Reform of the Expenditure Limit (PEC 55), which establishes inflation as a ceiling for budget adjustment (excluding interest and debt service) in the previous year; the Labor Reform, which supposedly seeks to regulate outsourced and temporary work and facilitate collective agreements, and the Pension Reform, which is presented as a need to adapt the retirement system to the new Brazilian demographic profile.

The hidden agenda

The reforms that Brazil faces today are motivated by the explosion of the country's public debt, after more than twenty years practicing the highest real interest rate in the world. With a deponent government without a crime of responsibility and an illegitimate government, which does not need to provide electoral accounts for the population, the Brazilian plutocracy has advanced its agenda of destruction of the State's constitutional attributions, in order to guarantee in the medium term the maximum budgetary resources at the service of debt.

With costs stressed by interest incompatible with economic activity, an overvalued currency and technological backwardness, what remains of the Brazilian industrial corporations tries to recover some productivity by means of an inhuman measure, precarious work and withdrawing historical rights. Likewise, the alleged deficit that the government claims to exist in social security today is caused by the Federal Revenue Unbundling (DRU), which allows the federal executive to freely use 20% of all federal taxes for "other expenses." Thus, the government deflects one-fifth of all taxes linked to social security financing to pay the interest-producing fiscal hole, which creates the alleged "deficit" of 80 billion. Finally, the ECP of the ceiling strangles and scraps public education and health to demoralize them and facilitate the approval of the future privatization of these systems.

The distortions of the reforms

The PEC of the ceiling will decrease per capita resources applied in health, education, security, science, culture and federal investments year by year. As the population continues to grow, by limiting the readjustment of these budget accounts to the replacement of inflation, each year there will be a smaller proportion of resources invested by each Brazilian citizen. All to pay interest.

The labor reform, which should modernize labor relations regulating temporary work and outsourcing, in practice extinguished rights established by the CLT. With the authorization of outsourcing without limits and the lifting of agreements between employers and unions above the legislation, we will see a wave of layoffs to rehire outsourced workers without rights, which will also cause a continuous fall in the collection of social security.

On the other hand, the current pension reform proposes other unspeakable injustices. In practice the right to retirement of the majority of the population is abolished. By raising the minimum retirement age to 65 years, workers in the poorest regions of the country are condemned to die working. Likewise, by requiring almost half a century of contribution (49 years) to obtain the full benefit, the government in practice is extinguishing this right. Professions that are at high risk (such as police officers) or large previous training period (such as university professors) are doomed to derisory proportional pensions. Women, who still have a global workload (domestic work + out work) than men (57 hours a week against 53), would have the same minimum retirement age (*).

(*) National Household Sample Survey (PNAD) of 2009

Cyrus and the reforms

Ciro is one of the only prominent Brazilian politicians who have defended the repeal of outrageous points of the reforms. Regarding the PEC of the ceiling, its opinion is overwhelming: it must be revoked in its entirety, since it is unconstitutional and will cause a collapse of the state services in three or four years. As for the labor reform, he affirms that there are interesting points, but points to unprecedented abuses in the world, such as the prevalence of agreed upon legislation and universal outsourcing - this undermines the worker in an unprecedented way and takes Brazil back to the nineteenth century.

In Ciro's view, this shaken reform was still conducted at a time of enormous unemployment by an illegitimate government and a congress poached by allegations of corruption. Regarding pension reform, Ciro (who relinquished three retirements to which he had been entitled since the age of 36 years as unjust) points out that we still have a demographic gap of 15 years that allows us to do wide debate on this reform. Although necessary for the future of the country, the pension reform does not have the urgency that the current defenders of its destruction say have. Ciro believes that all abuses of these illegitimate reforms will have to be reviewed by a legitimate government committed to the Brazilian people.


Policy of Ciro Gomes

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At 0 years old. And re-elected on 1986.


Governor of Ceará

Won UN award for reducing child mortality.



Mayor of Fortaleza

And was considered best mayor of Brazil.


Minister of Finance of Itamar Franco

Helped in the Real Plan. One of the lowest inflation in history.

The first candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 7.426.190 - 10,97


Minister of National Integration of Lula

Responsible for the transposition of the São Francisco River.


Secretary of Health of Ceará

He was then Director of Transnordestina S / A.


The second candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 10.170.882 - 11,97


Deputy Federal Ceará

With the highest proportional votes in the history of Brazil.



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