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Ciro Gomes and the Political Reform in Brazil

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What is Political Reform?

A political reform is a set of legal and constitutional changes that change the way of choosing our representation and the structure of the exercise of executive and legislative political powers.

The crisis of representation

Most of the country complains about its representation system. He seems distorted, suspicious and often illegitimate, and governability seems to be subordinated to a business desk between the executive and the legislature. However, our representatives were elected by the system and by the current rules, committing themselves to them. Not even an acute crisis like the current one seems to be enough to force them to make a change.

This picture, common in the world, is aggravated because we suffer from the effects of:

  1. Business campaign financing   - A political campaign is an expensive activity, even when performed with self-denial. The way it has been financed so far in the country - allowing for business donations - has made Brazil a factory of endless corruption scandals. The reason is obvious, the private initiative does not donate to the campaigns, but rather invests. To have their campaigns funded, politicians are pressured during their tenure to favor donor companies over public interest.
  2. Distorted electoral system   - Proportional voting has many virtues, but in the Brazilian case it is distorted by coalitions without political sense. Still, often, it finishes electing candidates with low or no individual vote, either by the device of the substitution, or by the election quotient.
  3. Lack of programmatic commitment   - The lack of commitment of leaders and legislators with the programmatic and ideological platform that elected them erode the representative system, partisan and the faith in democracy.
  4. Lack of transparency in the electoral process   - Unlike mass TSE advertising and media silence, our electronic voting system is the latest and unsafe in the world. We still use first generation ballot boxes that have been banned all over the world. In the electronic voting system, the voting source code is not open, that is, it is not auditable by citizens. Survey of 2015 of the Latinobarómetro indicates that 58,4% of the population believes that the Brazilian elections are fraudulent, and 10,2% has doubts. No electoral legitimacy survives.

Proposal for reform

In order to improve the quality of political representation, we believe that a reform must meet at least the following points:

  1. Campaign Funding   - Economic power is a reality, and it will always interfere with political life. But the more we regulate the participation of this power in elections, the more democratic our electoral process will be. Society must make a choice to finance its democracy, and certainly the cheapest and most transparent of them is the public funding of campaigns articulated to donations of individuals with individual roof.
  2. Popular repeal of mandates ( recall )   - Plebiscite revocation mid-term when requested by two thirds of the legislative or popular initiative.
  3. Party loyalty   - Prohibition of change of party before the electoral window and loss of mandate for expulsion motivated by infidelity.
  4. End of proportional coalitions   - Voting computed only for the party chosen.

Cyrus and political reform

Ciro has already stated that the approval of the political reform must be called by a popular plebiscite, which would free it from the logic of those elected by the current system. A historical defender of the recall, he believes that the system would lead to the moderation of promises and electoral "marketagens". It also advocates public funding to bridge the current collapse of representation caused by corporate donations and unveils the basic principles of the reform proposed by the OAB. As a strategy for the viability of a political reform, Ciro proposes a reform approved now but to be implemented in stages distributed in the next elections, in order to resolve the resistance to change by those who were elected by the current system.


Policy of Ciro Gomes

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At 0 years old. And re-elected on 1986.


Governor of Ceará

Won UN award for reducing child mortality.



Mayor of Fortaleza

And was considered best mayor of Brazil.


Minister of Finance of Itamar Franco

Helped in the Real Plan. One of the lowest inflation in history.

The first candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 7.426.190 - 10,97


Minister of National Integration of Lula

Responsible for the transposition of the São Francisco River.


Secretary of Health of Ceará

He was then Director of Transnordestina S / A.


The second candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 10.170.882 - 11,97


Deputy Federal Ceará

With the highest proportional votes in the history of Brazil.



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