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POLITICAL POSITIONING

Ciro Gomes, Sustainable Development and Environment

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Development and environment

It is common to mobilize the ecological sensitivity of the new generations to curtail the development of peripheral nations, for example, with appeals for the reduction of the rates of greenhouse gases in countries that are, in fact, little industrialized. In fact, economic development with its corresponding increase in the production of goods tends to stress the exploitation of natural resources in a nation. But development does not have to be done with the depredation of the environment, and fortunately, much has now been discussed about sustainable modes of growth. This is a debate that needs to be done in an open way, without hiding the environmental and economic costs of each choice from the population and without giving in to the prohibitions present in the current public debate on the subject.

The environmental problem of Brazil

Developed countries with a stable population, such as European countries, can afford to halt the expansion of their consumption and production patterns. However, Brazil does not have this option, because not only continues its population expansion but has a low level of consumption and production, with a large part of its people in poverty. The Brazilian case, therefore, is not to choose between development or environmental preservation, what we have is to find ways to make these two choices compatible, both necessary.

Those who fight for the environment in the country must be charged with the productive solution, and those who struggle to produce goods with ecological suitability. The environmental issue can not be led by international NGOs that only have a commitment, at least to nature preservation, or agribusiness, which is only committed to the expansion of production and the agricultural frontier. In addition, in Brazil we are committed to preserving the way of life of indigenous and quilombola communities. All these variables, with different interest groups, make up a complex picture.

Two sensitive issues

It can be said that the two most sensitive Brazilian problems in the relationship between development and the environment are those of the environmental impacts of energy generation and deforestation in the Amazon. The issue of the environmental impacts of hydroelectric plants has already been overcome, because the last three large reservoirs that Brazilian hydrology allowed us to carry out have already been created (Santo Antônio, Jirau and Belo Monte). From now on, the discussion will focus on the cost and power of other energy sources to meet their growing demand. In the case of the Amazon, we are basically talking about the deforestation caused by the expansion of the agricultural frontier, but also the illegal exploitation of wood and minerals.

Develop and control impact

Brazil is a very well placed country with great potential to coordinate development along with environmental preservation. Still sparsely populated in relation to its territory and owner of the world's largest freshwater reserve, it also has the cleanest energy matrix. However, once the large hydroelectric cycle is over, we will have to plan how to generate energy from now on. One of the possibilities, wind power generation has limited efficiency and is restricted to regions with constant wind. Already the generation of solar energy still has the challenge of gaining economic efficiency.

Contrary to what Manichean thought would suggest about the environmental issue, a new cycle of industrial development can help deter deforestation in the country, as long as Brazil continues to rely on increased exports of primary and low value-added products to sustain its (already low) pattern of consumption, the pressure force for expansion of mining and agribusiness over the forest will be very large. In fact, for the Amazon region we need tools and initiatives for sustainable development, such as ecological economic zoning, for example. Without economic alternatives to the Amazon, we will not save the forest.

It is also important to guarantee the investment in the protection of the Amazon region, a function to be strongly played by the defense and by the Brazilian military apparatus, with satellite control in real time that can not only allow the rapid combat of fires as well as the fight against illegal deforestation . This is also fundamental to ensure the possession of this national territory, today largely dominated by international NGOs and continually coveted by the more developed countries.

Cyrus and the combination of development with ecology

Formulator of the successful project of transposition of the São Francisco river, with its consequent revitalization and creation of the basins committee, Ciro Gomes has a long history of concern with the theme, since the creation of the first environmental commission in Ceará. Ciro has shared positions and opinions to reconcile the Brazilian need to grow and our responsibility to the environment.

BIOGRAPHY SUMMARY

Policy Ciro Gomes

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At 0 years old. And re-elected on 1986.

1989

Governor of Ceará

Won UN award for reducing child mortality.

1994

1983

Mayor of Fortaleza

And was considered best mayor of Brazil.

1990

Minister of Finance of Itamar Franco

Helped in the Real Plan. One of the lowest inflation in history.

The first candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 7.426.190 - 10,97

2002

Minister of National Integration of Lula

Responsible for the transposition of the São Francisco River.

2007

Secretary of Health of Ceará

He was then Director of Transnordestina S / A.

1998

The second candidacy for the Presidency

Number of Votes: 10.170.882 - 11,97

2003

Deputy Federal Ceará

With the highest proportional votes in the history of Brazil.

2013

MASS TESTIMONIALS

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