MORE THAN 10.000
MOBILIZERS IN ALL BRAZIL
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
Ciro Gomes, Science and Technology in Brazil
Technology and National Development Project
Having the latest technology is a necessary condition for the industrial development of a country. And the creation and possession of state-of-the-art technology are rarely possible without basic scientific advancement. Technology is the key not only to produce cheaper, but also to produce products with a competitive quality in the world. Historically, periods of intense development in many countries (such as USA, Germany, Russia, China, Brazil) are associated with intense scientific and technological development structured by the State. Not infrequently, expenditures on national defense are major drivers of these advances.
Our technological problem
Contrary to the consolidation of the imagination of many Brazilians, Brazil has been at the forefront of technology in many sectors. In our country we have developed deepwater oil exploration technology, biofuels, fiber optics and cheap uranium enrichment methods, just as we have done an agricultural revolution with biotechnology. These advances were obtained through investments and research by state agencies. There was a period of still timid expansion in federal spending on science and technology between 2002 and 2013. However, since 2016 the federal government and state-owned enterprises have dramatically cut their spending in these sectors, aggravating our technological backwardness.
In 2017 the federal government is investing in Science and Technology the lowest percentage in the history of the country: 0,2%. Fundamental programs for our energy and military security are strangled by a lack of resources. In addition, our country has been increasingly dependent on foreign technologies to carry out its tasks of defense and protection of its sovereignty. Under the most structural aspect, Brazil today does not have realistic conditions to compete in the main technological point of the world, the electro-electronics. Turning to the sectors where we still do cutting-edge research, we are compromising the rest of our industry first by reliance on the import of technologies that we can not only afford with the export of agricultural products and low value-added minerals, according to the limitation of the development to innovation.
Technology for development
The role of technological development for industrial development today is much greater than it was fifty years ago. The speed of technological development in the world rapidly renders obsolete not only industrial products but also their means of production. A national development project needs to retake the role of the state, central to the entire capitalist world, in the financing and development of the technology necessary for the re-industrialization of the country. For this, it will be fundamental the coordination between the Brazilian academy and the state and private companies focused on the development or improvement of new technologies.
A Brazilian path
Unlike earlier national developmental models, when technology was developed slowly, technology today has evolved at a dizzying pace, and Brazil can not simply close itself as if, in ten years, it could reach the technological edge in any sector. A current technology development project will need to choose areas in which our country can regain leadership. This points to three strategic areas, where we were doing cutting-edge research - still being possible to bet on the development of a fourth area.
For example, alongside massive investment in the defense, agriculture, and petroleum derivatives sectors, Brazil is able to develop fine chemicals and pharmaceutical technology by investing in reverse engineering research. This would allow the country to produce a large share of drugs whose purchase from abroad consumes national health budgets, since most of these drugs are produced under overdue patents. Another need is to equate the problem of Brazilian technological financing with the drop in interest rates for international standards and the development of a "venture capital" culture in Brazil that allows us to give wings to the ingenuity of our young scientists.
Ciro is clear about the centrality of the technological issue
As can be seen from the entries indicated in the links on this page, Ciro Gomes is one of the Brazilian politicians who has drawn the most attention to the seriousness of this technological delay for Brazilian growth. Ciro is determined not only to recover the level of technological investment of the State but also to equate the financing of research in Brazil, strangled with the highest real interest rates in the world.
Policy of Ciro Gomes
At 0 years old. And re-elected on 1986.
Governor of Ceará
Won UN award for reducing child mortality.
Mayor of Fortaleza
And was considered best mayor of Brazil.
Minister of Finance of Itamar Franco
Helped in the Real Plan. One of the lowest inflation in history.
The first candidacy for the Presidency
Number of Votes: 7.426.190 - 10,97
Minister of National Integration of Lula
Responsible for the transposition of the São Francisco River.
Secretary of Health of Ceará
He was then Director of Transnordestina S / A.
The second candidacy for the Presidency
Number of Votes: 10.170.882 - 11,97
Deputy Federal Ceará
With the highest proportional votes in the history of Brazil.