Environment and the elections of 2018

Despite the social and economic successes that have occurred during the recent commodities , well exploited by the leaders led by the Workers' Party, the environmental dimension of national public management has been accumulating heavy wear and tear. The irreconcilable relationship between economic growth / development and conservation of natural resources seems to come to a head when the economy is growing, especially in a country with a primary export matrix, such as that of Brazil. Although Brazil has a hydroelectric base, considered clean by some and not so cleaned by others, the expansion of the economy with our export matrix has meant deforestation through expansion of the agricultural frontier, mining activities and projects to increase the generation of energy.

The recent growth of the Brazilian economy, driven by the commodities , has also brought important consequences for the conservation policies of natural resources. In addition to transformational works such as hydroelectric plants and the transposition of the São Francisco River - not taking into account the need for these works - there were cases of flexibilization of environmental legislation at all levels of the federation - municipal, state and federal - being the reform of the forest code the event that best reflects this process of making the regulation of direct or indirect uses of natural resources more permissive. Therefore, sectors strongly identified with conservation of the environment, like environmentalists and conservation scientists, are dissatisfied and demonstrate alignment with more identity proposals that bring the environmental dimension as a central priority.

Behind the difficulty in subverting environmental management in Brazil is hidden the vicious cycle of growth in consumption levels in tow of each phase of valorization of the main Brazilian export products. The increase in imports of consumer goods not produced in Brazil and of very high added value to serve the aspiration of the population generates a deficit of US $ 100 billion per year. Thus, Brazil, by not producing these goods (eg appliances, cell phones, computers, parts for car assemblers etc), depends on the products of mining and agribusiness to relieve their external accounts. Mining and agribusiness products are the ones that leave serious environmental liabilities for future generations, such as the expansion of the agricultural frontier and pollution of water bodies (eg Mariana's Crime, in 2015). Even with possible increases in the level of efficiency in the production of primary elements, there will be an increasing need to expand them to balance our external accounts, in view of the expansion of the consumption levels of the population, in a perspective of economic growth.

Therefore, it is not possible to think of environmental management in an identity-based and unorganized way. Environmental management will be well conducted if it is hand in hand with other sectors of the economy. Hence emerges the need to build a national development project in which environmental management takes center stage and harmonizes with the productive sectors of the country, given the clear relationship of interdependence.

It is noticed that the prefix eco friendly , shared by both ecology and economics, comes from the Greek oikos that means home . Already lodge   (in ecology)   derives from logos that means study, While mine   (in economy) comes from nomos, that means management . While ecology studies and discovers the importance and functionality of the environment, the economy is in charge of its management.

Therefore, ecology and economics are concepts that should go together. As our entire existence depends directly on ecosystem patterns and processes, nature conservation and the provision of its services - environmental services - provided to man should have a prominent place in any government plans. For example, an atypical drought in southeastern Brazil was enough for energy prices to rise and push inflation rates, impacting not only the economic stability but also the policy of the last six months of Dilma Rousseff's administration.

In order to diversify the Brazilian productive matrix and reduce our dependence on primary export products, it is urgent for the Brazilian State to coordinate and stimulate a modern import substitution policy in strategic areas in which the country is naturally oriented; and can drive them through state orders, such as health and petrochemicals.

The bottleneck of environmental management will not be resolved in an inorganic way and without the empowerment of the Brazilian State. Environmental management must occupy and connect with a large country project. This project is not compatible with proposals for extreme liberalization of the economy exemplified by the independence of the Central Bank (a measure recently espoused by spokesmen of some environmental currents). A simple example is the maintenance and expansion of the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC). The increasing cost of the still incipient SNUC can only be covered by a budget slack from a state capable of increasing investment. This phenomenon will only come from the diversification of our productive matrix. Otherwise, we will depend cyclically on the international prices of the primary products we export in spite of the growing dilapidation of our environmental patrimony.
 

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