Asked about the privatization of Eletrobras, Ciro Gomes was emphatic: "I am radically against. Its energy matrix is not delivered to foreign capital. What country in the world does that !? "
In addition to the obvious fact that a country can not be left without being able to arbitrate on its energy matrix - fundamental for the population as well as for any development project - above all by handing it over as the domain of foreign nations, there would be, as a result, the sum of one more external dollar liability that the country will not be able to pay. That is, the government will have, as current expenditure, to buy energy consumed in dollars. Extremely susceptible to exchange variation and speculative attacks.
And in the Brazilian case, it is not just about the generation of energy. As our matrix is mostly hydraulic, it is the control over the country's own water regime. The water used by all of us, by the population, by industry and agriculture. Privatizing Eletrobras would subject Brazil to an unprecedented vulnerability to the interests of international capital, sensitizing the most necessary resource to human life.
Ciro still exposes to ridicule the proposal of the government Michel Temer which considers the sale of Eletrobras for the value of "seven churroscarias Fogo de Chão" (the network was sold for 1 billion and 800 million). Nor by way of collection by sale would be a business to be considered.
With regard to water control, what has happened in the world when the interests of the population are subjected to the interests of the market? We can see two examples. The most radical of them is that of Chile, which gave up water governance. In the country, water is considered, by article 19 of the Constitution of 1980, as private property, with full right of sale, purchase or inheritance. The population has been suffering dramatically the effects of privatization of water in the last 28 years. In regions like Petorca, where 75 thousand people live, there is no water for 80% of the population, which is owned by agro-exporting companies. The population, having to resort to kite trucks, can not buy water for all needs.
Another example, much closer and still fresh in the memory of the Paulistas, was the severe crisis in the Cantareira System basin at 2015. The crisis scenario had been foreseen in the study "Environmental Scenarios 2020", prepared by the State Secretariat of the Environment in consultation with more than 200 specialist, still in 2009, in the José Serra government. Still, the São Paulo state supply company, Sabesp, did not invest 37% of what it had planned to carry out infrastructure works between 2008 and 2013. The publicly-traded company, which has shares traded on the São Paulo and New York stock exchanges, makes a profit of about $ 7 billion per year, but still preferred to pass on its dividends to shareholders to make the necessary expansion of the systems of water abstraction and distribution. Lack that was felt in the severe rationing of water imposed on the population.
Water governance, the subject of forums on the water issue in the world, is a political issue of the most sensitive, since it deals with a resource that no human being can do without and which needs to be thought of first and foremost based on collective interest, a function that only the State is able to provide.