CAREER POLITICS AND BIOGRAPHY
CIRO FERREIRA GOMES
Who is Ciro Gomes?
Ciro Ferreira Gomes is a Brazilian politician and lawyer who was born in Pindamonhangaba in the interior of São Paulo. He grew up and made a political career in Ceará, where he graduated in Law in 1979 and was elected state deputy at 25, mayor of Fortaleza to 31 and Governor of the State at 33.
With only 36 years, he was Finance Minister of Itamar Franco in 1994 and then twice presided over by PPS: 1998 and 2002.
In 2003 he was invited by President Lula to the portfolio of National Integration, where he remained for 3 years, and the minister was responsible for designing the project to transpose the São Francisco River.
Today he is a member and vice-president of PDT, founded by Leonel Brizola.
Why with Ciro?
A National Development Project is something that transcends electoral issues. Mobilizing a country around the idea of developing requires more than electoral victories: it requires political victories. And for this, it is necessary to discuss with society the model of development to be followed in order to create a minimum consensus that will enable its construction.
Ciro Gomes is the politician who more clearly defends the need to build a new development model for the country. In his pilgrimage for Brazil, he has been stimulating the debate on the theme and calling attention to the structural changes that need to be agreed upon with society in order to make this project viable.
The National Development Project is the horizon that should guide our actions. Ciro Gomes is an important part of this project and it is he who has pointed out with more clarity the path that we must follow. The horizon is not the Cyrus, it's the National Project. That's why we're with Cyrus. Or rather, that's why Cyrus is with us.
BIOGRAPHY OF CIRO
On 6 November 1957, Ciro was born at the home of his maternal grandmother in Pindamonhangaba, in the interior of São Paulo, and moved with his family to Sobral, Ceará, at age 4.
Childhood in Sobral
Ciro speaks with affection of the childhood in Sobral, of the joy of the rainy days inside the sertão of Ceará and of the rigid education that received from the parents.
University and Student Movement
In 1979 he graduated in Law from the Federal University of Ceará, same year in which he ran as vice-president in the UNE elections.
State Representative for Ceará
With only 24 years, deputy was elected in 1982. He was reelected on 1986 when he was leader of the Tasso government. Created the first Environment Committee of a Legislative Assembly in Brazil.
Mayor of Fortaleza
He was elected mayor of Fortaleza. In three months, he implemented a tax reform in the city hall that made the public accounts of the capital of Ceará cease to be in deficit. According to Datafolha and Ibope was the most popular mayor of the country.
Presidential Elections of 89
In the presidential election of 1989, he supported in the first round Mário Covas, candidate of his party, and Lula in the second round.
Governor of Ceará
He was the 52 governor of Ceará, elected at 33 years. According to Datafolha and Ibope was the most popular governor of the country in the period. As he had done when mayor of Fortaleza, he chose half of his women's secretariat.
UNICEF Award - Maurice Pate
For the reduction of infant mortality in Ceará, Ciro received Maurice Pate, the world premier of Unicef, in 1993 in New York.
In 1993 he built the Worker's Canal, a work of almost 120 km that saved Fortaleza from the collapse of the water supply.
Minister of Finance of Itamar Franco
In 1994 he is invited by President Itamar Franco to be Minister of Finance, participating in the creation and stabilization of the Real Plan .
1995 a 1996
Studies at Harvard
Ciro has applied for two positions at Harvard University: Visiting Scholar at Harvard Law School and Fellow at the Center for International Affairs. After being accepted to both he chose to be Visiting Scholar at Harvard Law School.
1998 e 2002
Candidacy for the Presidency
He applied for the presidency of the republic on 1998 and 2002 by the PPS. In 2002 he supported Lula in the second round.
Elections of 1998 - Total Votes: (1) (2%)
Elections of 2002 - Total Votes: 1 (5%) (6%)
Minister of National Integration of Lula
Chosen by Lula to command the Ministry of National Integration, Ciro had as its objective some infrastructure tasks, especially in the area of water infrastructure, but the great task was to articulate initiatives from all spheres of government, aiming at balancing uneven development in the Brazilian territory.
The main actions of Ciro Gomes in front of the Ministry were the revitalization of SUDENE and the SUDAM , idealized by Celso Furtado in the years 50 and extinct during the government of FHC, and to advance with the transposition of the São Francisco river.
Federal Deputy for Ceará
He was elected the most voted federal deputy of the country, proportionally, in 2006, with more than 16% of the votes in Ceará. Important experience, but which he rated as the worst of his public life.
When he left office on 2010, he refused another retirement he would be entitled to, as he did when a former mayor and former governor.
2013 a 2015
Secretary of Health of Ceará
On 9 of September of 2013, Ciro was named State Secretary of Health of Ceará by his brother and then Governor Cid Gomes. On a possible practice of nepotism, the STF had already manifested itself four years earlier, deciding that it could be kept in the position of Chief of Cabinet of the Executive, Ivo Gomes, another brother also named by Cid Gomes at the time.
According to the Justice of Ceará, the appointment of Ciro Gomes, as well as the previous one, would not contradict the Binding Precedent nº 13, with the appointment of relative for the exercise of eminently political position.
Secretary of Health of Ceará also from the Camilo Santana government.
President of Transnordestina and director of Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional
On 3 of February of 2015, Ciro Gomes was hired as Director of Transnordestina Logística S / A. The company is a subsidiary of Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN) , privatized business enterprise in 1993.
According to information released to the press, its main challenge in the command of the entity would be the conclusion of Transnordestina, a railroad that would link the Port of Pecém, in Ceará, to the Port of Suape, in Pernambuco. The railway work, after successive postponements, had the delivery scheduled for the end of the year of 2016
Membership of the Democratic Labor Party - PDT
On 16 of September of 2015, after a brief passage through PROS, he joined PDT. In the speech of affiliation, in an event held in Brasilia, Ciro recalled and praised Leonel Brizola. In his speech, Ciro said that, accumulating at the time 36 years of public life, he went through a "detoxification process".
He criticized the interest rates in Brazil, praised the increase in the minimum wage that occurred in the Lula government, and said that we need national developmentalism to experience a successful civilization process.
Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff
According to the press office of Ciro, he left Transnordestina to prevent "political persecution" of his position against the interim government of Michel Temer "interfere" in the progress of the work.
From the first indications of the overthrow of President Dilma Rousseff's Government, Ciro Gomes was one of the leaders of Brazil who fought to the end against democratic instability. Ceará was one of the few states in which most of the deputies voted against Dilma Roussef's impeachment.
1983 a 2015
Personal Life and Public Works
From 1983 to 1999 he was married to the politics and pedagogue Patrícia Saboya, with whom he had three children: Lívia, Cirinho and Yuri. Between 1999 and 2011 he was married to actress Patrícia Pillar. He is also the father of little Gael, his son with Zara Castro, born in 2015.
Throughout his life, Ciro Gomes published several books, among them:
- " In the country of conflicts "(1994);
- " The next step: a practical alternative to neoliberalism "(1996), written in partnership with Roberto Mangabeira Unger;
- " A challenge called Brazil "(2002).
1995 a 2018
Decorations and Honors
- Title of Citizen Paulistano, highest honor of the municipality of São Paulo, in 1995.
- Juscelino Kubitscheck Medal - Grand Medal Rank, Government of Minas Gerais, 1997.
- UNICEF World Award - Trophy Maurice Patê, awarded to the State Government and the people of Ceará.
- Medal of the Order of Naval Merit, in the rank of Grand Officer, granted by the President of the Republic, on 28 of May of 2003.
- Medal of Military Merit, in the rank of Grand Officer, granted by the President of the Republic, on April 15 2003.
- Medal of the Peacemaker, awarded by the Army Commander, on 10 September 2003.
- Medal of the Order of Rio Branco, granted by the President of the Republic, in the Degree of Grand Cross, by Decree of 17 of September of 2003.
- Medal of Merit of Defense, granted by the President of the Republic in the Degree of Grand Cross, by Decree of 21 of November of 2003.
- Medal Day of Mines, granted by the Lord Governor of the State of Minas Gerais, on July 16 of 2009.
- Medal of Merit Farroupilha, highest honor of the gaucho parliament, on 11 of September of 2009.
- Medal of Merit Manuel Bequimão, honor of the Maranhão Parliament, on 14 of December of 2009.
- Medal of Industrial Merit, FIEC / 2011.
- Medal Boticário Ferreira, highest honor, the highest honor of the legislature of Fortaleza, 28 of April of 2014.
- Honorary Title of Citizen of Goianiense, on 24 of June of 2016.
- Medal of Abolition, the highest honor of the State of Ceará, granted by the Governor of the State of Ceará on March 24 2017.
- Petropolitan Citizen's title on March 26 2018.